Basic Beliefs of Islam
There are seven subjects of faith in Islam. These fundamental beliefs form the Islamic way of life.
- Belief in the oneness of God
- Belief in God’s angels
- Belief in God’s revelations (books)
- Belief in God’s Prophets
- Belief in the Day of Judgment
- Belief in Premeasurement (Qadar)
- Belief in resurrection after death
Belief in the oneness of God
Faith (or belief in English) begins with God’s belief, the Greatness, from which all other aspects of the faith flow. A Muslim must adhere to the doctrine that no God but Allah is worthy of his worship, love, obedience, hope, and fear. The existence of anything is not worthy of ultimate loyalty and sacrifice, nor is it capable of bowing one’s head in prostration or humility, except for the Creator of all. The Arabic word Allah means God. Allah is no other God, nor has any new God been invented by the Prophet Muhammad or the Muslims. God is a term for God. Arabic Jews and Arabic Christians also use the word Allah in their books.
Islam is a unique and monotheistic religion, and the belief is that only one God should be worshiped. The idea of multiple Gods has been rejected in Islam, as has been repeatedly highlighted in the Qur’an.
The most serious sin in Islam is known as shirk, which expresses the idea of being Allah partner. This term covers attributing divine attributes to anyone other than Allah. Shirk is the big sin and only sin that Allah does not forgive if a person dies before repenting from.
The Christian comunity belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of Allah, or God Himself, is an example of polytheism. Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – Belief in the Trinity is a serious sin in Islam.
God is the one to be worshiped. He is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Sustainer of all things. That is, eternal. God has no father, no mother, no son or daughter, no partner and no equal. He is the All-Knowing, the All-Seeing, the All-Hearing, the All-Powerful and the All-Compassionate. He gives life and causes death. He is the One who is unique in His names and attributes.
Everything in this world and everything in it, including you and me, belongs to the whole universe, to one God. We use the phrase, ‘my hand,’ ‘my house,’ ‘my money,’ but it’s all God’s in reality.
Belief in God’s angels
In familiar folk tales, angels are thought of as a force of nature, hologram images, or illusions. In Western painting, angels are sometimes depicted as fat cherubim babies or haloes around the heads of handsome young men or women.
In Islam, they are real created creatures who will eventually face death but are generally hidden. They are not semi-divine or divine, and they do not associate with God, who walks in different parts of the universe. They cannot object to being worshiped or prayed to because they do not convey our prayers to God. They are all submissive to God and obey His commands.
Angels were created from light before creating man, and thus their pictorial or symbolic representation in Islamic art is rare. However, they are generally beautiful scriptures as described in the winged Muslim scripture. Angels form different cosmic classifications and commands according to their different sizes, statuses, and abilities.
Belief in God’s revelations (books)
Muslims believe in revelations sent by Almighty God to their prophets and messengers, including the Qur’an, the Torah, the Gospel, the books of Abraham, and the Psalms of David.
Belief in God’s Prophets
All of God’s messengers and prophets, such as Noah, Moses, Solomon, Jesus, and Muhammad, were men of heavenly revelation and were ordained by God to teach humankind how to obey and follow the rules.
Belief in the Day of Judgment
Muslims must believe in the Day of Judgment and the physical resurrection when the body will be rebuilt, and the soul will be reunited with the body by God’s infinite power. The way God, the gathering of humanity, created us for the first time is surely the resurrection that will bring us out of death to stand before us in perfect judgment. After the resurrection, death will no longer exist, and our existence will last forever. The Day of Judgment is when every individual will stand before the Creator and question his deeds. On this important day, we will see in detail the consequences of the smallest good and the smallest evil presented to each of us in this life. On this day, lies and deception will no longer be possible. The final reward in Heaven and the punishment is hell. Heaven and hell are places that exist. They are not symbols or metaphors.
God who recognizes and performs well, Heaven has described Paradise (the heavenly garden) as a pleasant place, full of wonderful eternal gardens under which rivers flow. In Heaven, there will be no heat or cold, no sickness, no fatigue or evil. God, the Giver of peace, will remove disease from His people’s hearts and bodies and grant it to everyone who desires it. Those who enter Paradise will be told: As a result of God’s mercy and your good deeds, you have inherited this Paradise. The greatest happiness in the Hereafter will be believers’ ability to see the face of God, which is the highest. Being a Muslim yourself, one cannot be assured of Paradise unless one dies in the state of Islam.
Belief in Premeasurement (Qadar)
Muslims believe that God knows everything, that there is always time and space.
Belief in resurrection after death
After the end of the world, Muslims believe that God will resurrect all those who die to face each of them’ judgment.